An overview of Catarcts in elderly people – types, triggering factors, and treatment

 An overview of Cataracts in elderly people – types, triggering factors, and treatment

One of the most commonly observed health conditions in elderly individuals is that of cataracts. A trouble with the ophthalmic lens that results in cloudy or blurry vision,  start developing when an individual reaches the age of 40 years, and keeps developing further with aging. Paragraphs underneath shall discuss about some of the key aspects related to cataracts.

What are the different types of Cataracts?

Even if cataract is related to aging, however, the following types of cataracts are also observed in elderly men and women:

  • Secondary Cataract: the secondary cataract develops after surgeries are performed for any other issues with the eye, or due to some other health conditions like diabetes. In addition,  this type of cataract may develop as a result of using steroid.
  • Traumatic Cataract: this type of cataract usually appears as consequences to any injury to the eye, in some cases, even a few years after the injury.
  • Congenital Cataract: in some cases, newborns are born with a cataract. Likewise, there are chances of this type of cataract to develop during the childhood, and these cataracts can develop in both eyes. However, as the size stays small, it would not affect the vision.
  • Radiation Cataract: this type of cataract is observed in elderly people who have a history of exposure to different forms of radiation for years.

Who stands more vulnerable to catch a Cataract?

Though, cataracts are one of the major ophthalmic issues observed in elderly individuals, however the following profiles of  people stands higher chances of catching it:

  • Certain diseases can be a potential factor for the onset or intensification of Cataracts.
  • Elderly people catching any injuries to the eyes can catch Cataracts.
  • Elderly men and women, after undergoing any eye surgery can turn vulnerable for Cataracts.
  • Individuals with history of excessive consumption of alcohol or smoking.
  • People who have a history of constant exposure to UV radiation are more likely to turn into a cataract victim with aging.

What are the ways to treat Cataract?

If detected early, cataracts can be treated with new eyeglasses, anti-glare sunglasses, Bright lighting, as well as with the use of magnifying glasses. In case the cataract has grown substantially, your Eye specialist will suggest for a surgery that will replace the affected lens with an artificial one. Cataract surgeries are safe and are highly effective, if undergone under the aegis of an expert eye surgeon.